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The Reflective Journal 5 Aug Read this and over 1 million books with Kindle Unlimited. Critical Thinking 4 Nov Usually dispatched within 7 to 13 days. These can be found by either searching in the USC Libraries catalog by entering the disciplinary and the word dictionary [e. It is appropriate for you to use specialist language within your field of study, but you should avoid using such language when writing for non-academic or general audiences.
Problems with Opaque Writing. It's not unheard of for scholars to utilize needlessly complex syntax or overly expansive vocabulary that is impenetrable or not well-defined. When writing, avoid problems associated with opaque writing by keeping in mind the following:.
In point of view it facilities the learning process of many. Give a time to begin and a time to complete. Paul Connolly. If the material is beyond your abilities, recommend seeking help from a classmate or the teacher, or consider connecting with a tutor some schools have free peer-to-peer tutoring programs. It's really important to reflect on how your skills are developing as you're doing your OU study. Effective time management planning is part of why a recent article published by Fast Company argues employers should consider hiring a former student athlete.
Excessive use of specialized terminology. Yes, it is appropriate for you to use specialist language and a formal style of expression in academic writing, but it does not mean using "big words" just for the sake of doing so.
source Overuse of complex or obscure words or writing complicated sentence constructions gives readers the impression that your paper is more about style than substance; it leads the reader to question if you really know what you are talking about. Focus on creating clear and elegant prose that minimizes reliance on specialized terminology. Inappropriate use of specialized terminology.
Because you are dealing with concepts, research, and data within your discipline, you need to use the technical language appropriate to that area of study. However, nothing will undermine the validity of your study quicker than the inappropriate application of a term or concept. Avoid using terms whose meaning you are unsure of--don't just guess or assume! Consult the meaning of terms in specialized, discipline-specific dictionaries by searching the USC Libraries catalog or reference database [see above].
Additional Problems to Avoid. In addition to understanding the use of specialized language, there are other aspects of academic writing in the social sciences that you should be aware of. These problems include:.
A quote should be inserted in the text of your paper exactly as it was stated. If the quote is especially vague or hard to understand, consider paraphrasing it or using a different quote to convey the same meaning. Consider inserting the term "sic" in brackets after the quoted word or phrase to indicate that the quotation has been transcribed exactly as found in the original source, but the source has grammar, spelling, or other errors.
The adverb sic informs the reader that the errors are not yours. Purdue University; Academic Writing Style. First-Year Seminar Handbook. Mercer University; Bem, Daryl J.
Writing the Empirical Journal Article. Cornell University; College Writing. The Writing Center. Common Flaws in Students' Rsearch Proposals.
English Education Department. Yogyakarta State University; Style. College Writing. Hunter College; Sword, Helen. Institute for Writing Rhetoric. Dartmouth College. Improving Academic Writing. To improve your academic writing skills, you should focus your efforts on three key areas: 1. Clear Writing. The act of thinking about precedes the process of writing about. Good writers spend sufficient time distilling information and reviewing major points from the literature they have reviewed before creating their work.
Writing detailed outlines can help you clearly organize your thoughts. Effective academic writing begins with solid planning, so manage your time carefully. Excellent Grammar. Needless to say, English grammar can be difficult and complex; even the best scholars take many years before they have a command of the major points of good grammar. Take the time to learn the major and minor points of good grammar. Spend time practicing writing and seek detailed feedback from professors. Take advantage of the Writing Center on campus if you need help. Proper punctuation and good proofreading skills can significantly improve academic writing [see sub-tab for proofreading you paper ].
Refer to these three basic resources to help your grammar and writing skills:.
Consistent Stylistic Approach. Each of these style manuals provide rules on how to write out numbers, references, citations, footnotes, and lists. Consistent adherence to a style of writing helps with the narrative flow of your paper and improves its readability. Note that some disciplines require a particular style [e. Evaluating Quality of Writing.
A useful approach for evaluating the quality of your academic writing is to consider the following issues from the perspective of the reader. While proofreading your final draft, critically assess the following elements in your writing. Cornell University; Candlin, Christopher. University of North Carolina; Style. The Writing Center is a service supported by the university that provides one-on-one consultations and small-group workshops to help students of all abilities improve their critical thinking and writing skills.
If you are having problems writing your research papers, take advantage of this service! The Center is located in Taper Hall, room Considering the Passive Voice in Academic Writing. In the English language, we are able to construct sentences in the following way: 1. This choice in focus is achieved with the use of either the active or the passive voice.